Favorite  |  Contact  |  Chinese  |  CAS
    Home         About us         Faculty         Achievements         News & Events     Communication & Cooperation     Contact us    
  Location :Home > Recent Publications

Gene Replacements and Insertions in Rice by Intron Targeting Using CRISPR–Cas9

Jun Li, Xiangbing Meng, Yuan Zong, Kunling Chen, Huawei Zhang, Jinxing Liu, Jiayang Li, and Caixia Gao


Nature Plants



Sequence-specific nucleases have been exploited to create targeted gene knockouts in various plants, but replacing a fragment and even obtaining gene insertions at specific loci in plant genomes remain a serious challenge. Here, we report efficient intron-mediated site-specific gene replacement and insertion approaches that generate mutations using the non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) pathway using the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)–CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9) system. Using a pair of single guide RNAs (sgRNAs) targeting adjacent introns and a donor DNA template including the same pair of sgRNA sites, we achieved gene replacements in the rice endogenous gene 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) at a frequency of 2.0%. We also obtained targeted gene insertions at a frequency of 2.2% using a sgRNA targeting one intron and a donor DNA template including the same sgRNA site. Rice plants harbouring the OsEPSPS gene with the intended substitutions were glyphosate-resistant. Furthermore, the site-specific gene replacements and insertions were faithfully transmitted to the next generation. These newly developed approaches can be generally used to replace targeted gene fragments and to insert exogenous DNA sequences into specific genomic sites in rice and other plants.




[ Top ]  
Copyright © State Key Laboratory of Plant Cell and Chromosome Engineering
Address: No.1, West Beichen Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, China Tel: 010-64806537 Fax: 010-64806537